toxin facts

a) Monsanto shipped in 1990 from St. Louis 116 tons of pesticide a day abroad, according to Foundation for Advancements in Science and Education 1991 report, citing US Customs for spring 1990. http://

b) Atrazine, the most heavily used pesticide in the US, is banned in many European nations. American farmers used 33x more pesticides in 1990 than in 1945, yet pest-caused crop losses increased about 34% (-Pimental 1992) due to genetic pest resistance to chemicals.

c) Spencer Abraham (R-MI), John Ashcroft (R-MO), Richard Santorum (R-PA), Rick Lazio (R-NY) and Conrad Burns (R-MT) led in receiving dirty money contributions directed against the environment in 2000, at the rate each from $899,000 to $640,000. Dianne Feinstein's (D-CA) tapping in 1996 was $13,500; 1998: $3,500; 2000: $293,000. Barbara Boxer's (D-CA) tapping was for 1996: $28,000; 1998: $106,000; 2000: $250.

d) Average value of an acre of Florida tomatoes is $14,000, while cost per acre for pesticides is $750. Reducing pesticide use/cost by 20% returns only $150/acre to farmer, virtually no economic reward versus perceived risk and versus crop value. Corn/acre in Corn Belt average $322, while herbiciding the corn costs $5/acre (polluting the water supply of 11 million people).

e) Bhopal Union Carbide pesticide plant disaster is reported to have the offers of about $600 per each individual settlement for the approximately 5000-20000 fatalities determined via the Indian Justice system. Spontaneous abortions were at triple the Indian average in Bhopal. Union Carbide merged with Dow. The accident involved, by Union Carbide public concession, introduction of water (from a cleanup effort) into MIC pesticide storage tank #610, which then catalyzed violently in an exothermic reaction, releasing after tank-rupture about 20 tons of deadly gas into the atmosphere. The facility's safety features were not enough for this cleanup effort and leakage problem, according to senior UC Bhopal official Mukund's admission to a Bhopal district magistrate on the disaster night, though the safety design was modified by USA's UC engineers the year before. Though the factory alarm sounded, UC had decided to disconnect its public siren from the factory alarm in 1982, so no public warning was given. Deep post-study of the UC Bhopal plant design determined that the very large concentrations of MIC and for long periods, along with poor building materials, poor controls and emergency systems, including alarm, were the principal catastrophe agents.

EPA danger classification of pesticides

e) Of four EPA pesticide classifications, I and II are the more severe, and here follows a few of the brands considered more severe: Avermectin B1, chlorpyrifos, Cynoff WP, Delta Dust, Diazinon, Dragnet FT, Dursban, Ficam W, Fogger Bomb, Malathion (?), Nemasol (metam sodium, the agent at Dunsmuir 1991 catastrophe), Sevin, sodium chlorate, Strike Force, Tempo, Tribute, Vapam, Warrior. The three most common pesticide-contact methods are inhalation, ocular, and drift.

f) EPA admits that children ingest 5-14 times more pesticides (per pound of body-weight) than adults do (Whyatt and Nicholson, 1991, American Chemical Soc.).

g) for an accurate, up-to-date scientific assessment list of almost all principle toxins:

h) Dioxin, the primary toxic component of Agent Orange, is a general term describing a group of hundreds of highly persistent in the environment chemicals, the most toxic of which is TCDD. Formed by burning chlorine-based chemicals with hydrocarbons, 95% of dioxins come from less than complete incineration of chlorinated wastes, as at paper mills, or in production of polyvinyl chloride plastics. Beef ingestion and dairy ingestion carry the most dioxins. Dioxin is one of the very most toxic of toxins. see